Mosquée Selimiye

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Turquie

La mosquée Selimiye (en turc : Selimiye Camii) est une mosquée située à Edirne, en Turquie. Elle a été commandée par le sultan Selim II ,imaginée par l’architecte Sinan et construite entre 1568 et 1574. Elle est considérée comme son chef-d’œuvre, ainsi que l’un des chefs-d’œuvre de l’architecture islamique. Elle est d’ailleurs inscrite au Patrimoine mondial en tant que bien culturel depuis 2011.

Cette grande mosquée est au centre d’un külliye (un complexe composé d’un hôpital, d’une école, d’une bibliothèque et/ou de bains) qui comprend une medersa (école islamique enseignant la religion et les sciences), une dar-ül hadis (une école de Hadith), une salle de l’horloge et une arasta (une rangée de boutiques). Le centre héberge de nos jours le musée Bayezid II Külliye, un musée de l’histoire de la médecine. Pour cette mosquée, Sinan employa un système porteur octogonal qui est créé par huit colonnes inscrites dans un carré. Les quatre demi-dômes aux coins du carré derrière des arches qui naissent des piliers ont une section intermédiaire entre le large dôme (31,25m de diamètre avec un profil sphérique) et les murs.

Alors que les mosquées traditionnelles sont limitées par espace intérieur segmenté, le tour de force de Sinan à Edirne fut de créer une structure qui permette le plus possible de rendre visible le mihrab de tout point à l’intérieur de la mosquée. Entourée des quatre plus hauts minarets du monde islamique, la mosquée de Selim II est surmontée d’un grand dôme. Autour de la mosquée se trouvent de nombreux bâtiments additionnels : bibliothèques, écoles, hospices, bains, salles de restauration pour les indigents, marchés, hôpitaux et un cimetière. Ces annexes sont alignées axialement et regroupés dans la mesure du possible. Devant la mosquée se déploie une cour rectangulaire ayant une surface égale à celle de la mosquée. L’innovation cependant ne vient pas des dimensions de l’édifice mais de l’organisation interne. Le mihrab est déplacé vers l’arrière dans une sorte d’abside en alcôve ayant suffisamment de profondeur lui permettant d’être éclairé par des fenêtres des trois côtés. Cela a pour effet de faire étinceler les mosaïques du mur le plus bas avec de la lumière naturelle. Formé de huit massifs supports de dôme, l’octogone est percé de quatre dômes couvrant les coins du carré. La beauté résultant de la conformité à une forme géométrique imbriquée dans chacune des autres fut le point culminant de la longue recherche de Sinan pour unifier l’espace intérieur.

Lors du siège d’Edirne par les Bulgares en 1913, le dôme de la mosquée fut frappé par l’artillerie ennemie. Grâce à l’extrême robustesse de la construction, la mosquée survécut à ces assauts avec des dommages mineurs. Sur l’ordre d’Atatürk, elle est restée en l’état depuis lors, à titre d’exemple pour les générations futures.

(en) Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de l’article de Wikipédia en anglais intitulé «  » ().

Grande mosquée et hôpital de Divriği (1985) · Zones historiques d’Istanbul (1985) · Hattousa : la capitale hittite (1986) · Nemrut Dağ (1987) · Xanthos-Letoon (1988) · Ville de Safranbolu (1994) · Site archéologique de Troie (1998) · Mosquée Selimiye et son ensemble social (2011) · Site néolithique de Çatal Höyük (2012) · Bursa et Cumalıkızık : la naissance de l’Empire ottoman (2014) · Pergame et son paysage culturel à multiples strates (2014) · Éphèse (2015) · Paysage culturel de la forteresse de Diyarbakır et des jardins de l’Hevsel (2015) · Site archéologique d’Ani (2016)

Parc national de Göreme et sites rupestres de Cappadoce (1985) · Hierapolis-Pamukkale (1988)

Giovanni Agostino Ratti

Giovanni Agostino Ratti (1699–1755) was an Italian painter of the late-Baroque period.

Born in Savona, and active in Genoa, he constructed scenography for the theatre, and cabinets with lively caricatures, which he also engraved. He was clever in church paintings, as may be seen in the church of San Giovanni at Savona, where, besides other subjects of St John the Baptist, there is a much praised Decollation. He painted also in the church of Santa Teresa in Genoa; and was a follower of Benedetto Luti, whose school he had frequented when in Rome. He was also a good fresco-painter; his works are in the choir of the Conventual church in Casale Monferrato, where he added figures to the quadratura of Giuseppe Natali. But subjects of humor were his forte. In these, he had an exhaustless fancy, fertile and ever creative. Nothing can be more amusing than his masks, representing quarrels, dances, and such scenes as form the subjects of comedy. Giovanni’s son, Carlo Giuseppe Ratti, was an artist and art biographer.

Bad News Brown (musician)

Paul Frappier (May 8, 1977 – February 11, 2011), better known by his stage name Bad News Brown (at times, also as BNB and Briz Brown), was a Montreal-based Canadian entertainer, musician, and hip hop MC of Haitian origin. He was well known for pairing the sound of his chief instrument, the harmonica, with hip-hop beats and rhymes. Frappier started busking in Montreal taking his signature sound as a teenager to the streets and subway stations of Montreal. He later toured and opened for many well-known hip hop acts or as background musician. He also appeared as an impromptu host in Music for a Blue Train, the 2003 documentary about busker musicians in the Montreal Metro subway train system. In 2004, he signed a management deal with E-Stunt Entertainment Group. In 2009, he established his own record label Trilateral Entertainment Inc and released his debut studio album Born 2 Sin. He was murdered in Montreal, Canada, and his body was found there on February 12, 2011. The long feature film BumRush featuring him in a leading role premiered on April 1, 2011.

Born in Haiti, Paul Frappier moved at a young age to Quebec, first living in Saint-Lazare and Hudson before settling in Montreal living with his adopted Québécois family in Montreal’s Little Burgundy area. At school he suffered from dyslexia and struggled. He left home in his teenage years, and quickly discovered a talent for the harmonica that could earn him a living by busking on the street and in Montreal Metro stations. „Busking was the smartest thing I ever did in my life,“ he says. „It paid my bills, bought me my studio, and within two years I estimate 50 per cent of the city knew I existed.“

Brown developed his sound by playing in the streets, combining his skill as a blues/jazz harmonica player with his love of hip-hop. He adopted his stage name from the suggestion of fellow Montreal rapper, Misery, which coincidentally was the name of his childhood favourite WWF wrestler, Allen Coage (nicknamed Bad News Brown).

Brown quickly became accredited as the best busker of Montreal by the weekly arts and music magazine, the Montreal Mirror.

Frappier lived with his girlfriend Natasha. He was also the father of a boy Izaiah, for whom he had joint custody.

Brown’s debut album, Born 2 Sin, released in September 2009 on his own indie label Trilateral Entertainment Inc is difficult to categorize due to the different styles employed, but Brown termed it… „Harmonic Hip-Hop“ or „Electronic Triptronic Melodic Harmonics“. Intelligence is a classic Hip-Hop track featuring beats, scratching, and a cinematic production sound, while Back on It possesses a sexy and laidback vibe. The title track Born 2 Sin is a fusion of hip-hop and soul.

Brown crafted the tracks on Born 2 Sin with production assistance from the likes of Haig V,Dirtwork, Parafino, C4, Made By Monkeys and Edi Burgz. Brown is quoted as saying „Haig is one of the main producers on the album, with six tracks. He’s a long-time friend who has worked with the likes of Bran Van 3000 and Muzion. I used to listen to and watch him in his studio back in the day, and I used a lot of his instrumental tracks on this album. I went through his archives, picked out stuff I liked, went home, worked on them, brought them back, and we worked it from there.

Born 2 Sin was released on iTunes July 28, 2009 and in stores on August 18, 2009. The album was distributed by Fontana North/Universal Music Canada.

The album was chosen as „disc of the week“ in Vol.25 No.10 of the Montreal Mirror weekly newspaper. „Snappy and lighthearted, the title track of the debut from Montreal’s „harmonic hip hop“ man is at odds with the predominating slinky, deep-blue club thumpers, many of which are produced by Zoobone’s capable Haig V. Sly raps and a functioning fusion of house, hip hop and R&B vibes abound, and Brown’s secret weapon, his harmonica—plaintive and insistent as a hungry housecat—integrates itself effortlessly“

„Hip-Hop may be synonymous with many things, but harmonica has not traditionally been one of them. The Street? Yes. Bling? Uh-huh. Drugs? About as much as Lindsay Lohan’s nose. But the little sorrowful instrument that calls to mind lonely Hoover-era hobos train-hopping from Oklahoma? Not so much – until now, that is.“

Brown’s single, „Feeling Me On“ as part of the Universal Music compilation, Hip Hop Rai 2 that sold over 50,000 units in Europe.

„All signs suggest that the wait was worth it. His long overdue album dropped in August, and now the artist is preparing to step up his game. A Newcomer to the industry but a veteran of the craft. Bad News is ready to show off his skills to the world.“ -Naked Eye Magazine

The hip-hop MC along with his signature sound took him from his beginnings as a teenage busker in the streets of Montreal to touring 200+ venues opening for Snoop Dogg, Kanye West, 50 Cent, Aerosmith, The Eagles, N.E.R.D., Soulja Boy, Ciara, Common, Lloyd Banks, Jadakiss, John Legend, Gym Class Heroes, Ice Cube, Booba and Sinik and accompanying on stage Nas, Ice-T, Cypress Hill, De La Soul and Daniel Merriweather.

Brown frequently took on the role of a motivational speaker addressing youthful audiences and participating in multifold charities. As part of the „Music With Meaning“ tour in 2009 for example, he spoke to an audience of mostly teenage boys in a youth detention center.

Brown’s reputation as Montreal’s best street performer even led him to be chosen as the host for the 2003 documentary film Music for a Blue Train, a bluesy portrait of the musicians who busk in Montreal’s metro. The documentary was written and directed by Mila Aung-Thwin of EyeSteelFilm and produced by Germaine Ying Gee Wong for the National Film Board of Canada.

At the time of his murder, Brown was acting in an upcoming film about Montreal street gangs. The film entitled BumRush was being directed by Québécois film director Michel Jetté and portrays Frappier in a leading role as „Loosecanon“, a high ranking violent gang leader on a fictional „Rue I.B. 11.“ in Montreal Brown was partly producing the film and was involved in casting. Some of his original works from his album Born 2 Sin was planned to be incorporated in the soundtrack of the film. The film was scheduled to premiere in April 1, 2011 in Canadian movie theaters and Jetté announced that it would also serve as a tribute to the slain artist.

Brown’s corpse was found in an alley on February 11, 2011. Police said „there was evidence of violence at the scene“. His body was found in an industrial area near the Lachine Canal in Montreal. He was reportedly preparing for a show in Quebec City that was to be held a day later.

Guy Fieri

Guy Fieri (/fjɛri/; born Guy Ramsay Ferry, January 22, 1968) is an American restaurateur, author, game show host, and television personality. He co-owns six restaurants in California and is known for his television series on the Food Network.

By mid-2010, the Food Network had made Fieri the „face of the network“. In 2010, The New York Times reported that Fieri brought an „element of rowdy, mass-market culture to American food television“, and that his „prime-time shows attract more male viewers than any others on the network“.

Guy Ferry was born in Columbus, Ohio, the son of Penny Anne (Price) and Lewis James Ferry. He grew up in Ferndale, in rural Humboldt County, California. During high school, he was a foreign exchange student to France, where he developed his interest in food and cooking. His paternal grandfather was of Italian descent; Fieri changed his surname, Ferry, back to his family’s original surname, Fieri, when he got married in 1995, in order to honor his immigrant great-grandfather, Giuseppe Fieri.

Fieri began his association with food in grade school in Ferndale, California, by selling pretzels from his „Awesome Pretzel“ cart and washing dishes to finance his trip to France to study cuisine. On his return to the United States, he worked at the restaurant at the Red Lion Inn in Eureka, California until going to Las Vegas for college. Fieri attended the University of Nevada, Las Vegas and graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Hotel Management in 1990. After graduation, he went to work for Stouffer’s, developing restaurant concepts in Southern California and managing their flagship restaurant in Long Beach, California. After three years in southern California, he became district manager of Louise’s Trattoria, managing six locations along with recruiting and training for the restaurants.

In late 1996, Fieri and business partner Steve Gruber opened Johnny Garlic’s, a California Pasta Grill in Santa Rosa, California. A second location opened in Windsor in 1999, a third in Petaluma in 2000 or 2001 (since closed), and a fourth in Roseville in late 2008. Subsequently they developed Tex Wasabi’s (barbecue and sushi) in 2003 in Santa Rosa, adding a second location in Sacramento’s Arden-Arcade area in 2007 (which was rebranded as Johnny Garlic’s, and then subsequently closed). An additional Johnny Garlic’s was opened in Dublin, California, in 2011. His first New York City restaurant, Guy’s American Kitchen and Bar, opened in 2012 to scathing New York Times coverage by Pete Wells that has been called the most widely read restaurant review ever. In April 2014, Guy Fieri’s Vegas Kitchen and Bar opened in Las Vegas.

After winning the second season of The Next Food Network Star on April 23, 2006, Fieri was awarded a six-episode commitment for his own cooking show on Food Network. Guy’s Big Bite premiered on June 25, 2006, and continues.

Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives, his second series, premiered in April 2007 (a one-hour special aired in November 2006), with Fieri traveling the country visiting local eateries. The New York Times called the series „not a cooking show as much as a carefully engineered reality show“. Ultimate Recipe Showdown, co-hosted with Marc Summers, debuted on February 17, 2008, and aired for three seasons. On September 14, 2008, Guy Off the Hook debuted on Food Network. This special studio audience show aired through the end of 2008, but the extra cost of staging an audience show did not result in a ratings bump and the concept was discontinued. For Thanksgiving 2008, Fieri hosted a one-hour special titled Guy’s Family Feast. He used the „Guy Off the Hook“ set for the special, which was broadcast live, on November 28, 2008. Fieri appeared on other Food Network programs such as Dinner: Impossible in 2007 and 2009, Paula’s Party, Ace of Cakes, and The Best Thing I Ever Ate.

In December 2009, NBC named Fieri as the host of the game show Minute to Win It, which premiered in March 2010 and aired for two seasons. On May 13, 2012, NBC announced that the game show would not be renewed for a third season, citing high production costs and low ratings.

In 2011, Fieri partnered with Carnival Cruise lines to create Guy’s Burger Joint to sell Fieri’s burgers fleet-wide.

In January 2012, Fieri was one of the two team captains (along with Rachael Ray) in the Food Network reality series Rachael vs. Guy: Celebrity Cook-Off. A second season of Rachael vs. Guy: Celebrity Cook-Off began airing on Food Network on January 6, 2013. A chef challenge show, Guy’s Grocery Games, started on October 27, 2013, on the Food Network. It features four cooks who battle through 3 rounds, and are judged by three judges.

Fieri appeared in promotions for Flowmaster, a California-based auto exhaust parts manufacturer. In 2008 and 2009, he was the spokesperson for T.G.I. Friday’s. In 2010, he appeared in a commercial for Aflac named „Spicy“.

In 2009, Fieri began touring with the Guy Fieri Roadshow, a multi-state food tour that featured some of his fellow Food Network personalities. He also appears in regional Food Network events, such as the Atlantic City Food and Wine Festival and the South Beach Food and Wine Festival, where he officiated 101 gay weddings.

In 2015, Fieri officiated the wedding of celebrity chef Art Smith on Miami Beach. The wedding, which included over two dozen same-sex couples, was held to celebrate Florida’s Supreme Court lifting the state ban on same-sex marriage.

Guy Fieri lives in Santa Rosa, California with his wife, Lori, and their sons, Hunter and Ryder. He collects classic American cars, including a 1971 Chevrolet Chevelle, a 1968 Pontiac Firebird, a 1976 Jeep CJ-5, a 1996 Chevrolet Impala SS and a 1967 Chevrolet C10 pickup.

Fieri has co-authored four books with Ann Volkwein, which were New York Times bestsellers for a total of more than 33 weeks.

Fieri has authored books of recipes.

Guy Fieri has also appeared in the mobile game Neko Atsume: Kitty Collector. He appears in the game as a gray cat named „Guy Furry“, sporting a similar chef’s outfit and Fieri’s well known pose. He will appear next to certain objects, making dishes for other cats.

Хрэ (язык)

Вьетнам

Контум, Куангнам, Куангнгай

113 000 чел.

Языки Евразии

Австроазиатская семья

латиница, узелковое

hre

Хрэ (хре, вьетн. Tiếng Hrê вьетн. tiếng H’rê) — язык северобахнарской группы, распространённый в центральном Вьетнаме.

На языке хрэ говорят люди народа хрэ, живущие в провинции Куангнгай, в районах Шонха[vi] (Sơn Hà), Бато[vi] (Ba Tơ), Миньлонг[vi] (Minh Long), в меньших количествах в Чабонг (Trà Bồng), Тэйча (Tây Trà), Шонтэй (Sơn Tây), Нгиахань (Nghĩa Hành), Тынгиа (Tư Nghĩa) в Биньдинь, Анлао (An Lão), и Конплонг (Kon Plong) Контум).

Хрэ родственен бахнарскому и особенно седангскому языкам. Носители пользуются узелковым письмом.

Процент грамотных носителей — 1 %-5 %, выучивших язык — 15 %-25 %. Хрэ официально признан языком нацменьшинства, на нём выходят радиопередачи и имеется частичный перевод Библии.

Caius Trebonius

Gaius Trebonius, mort en 43 av. J.-C., était un commandant et un homme politique romain qui épousa le parti de Jules César avant de participer à la conspiration qui allait aboutir à l’assassinat de ce dernier.

Son père était de rang équestre mais n’avait pas été un magistrat. La carrière de Gaius Trebonius est donc celle d’un homo novus. Il commença sa carrière en soutenant le parti aristocratique et, questeur en 60 av. J.-C., il s’oppose à Clodius Pulcher tentant de s’opposer à la volonté des triumvirs de voir celui-ci adopté par une famille plébéienne. Il change alors de parti et devient tribun de la plèbe en 55 av. J.-C.. Durant son mandat, il prête son nom à la Lex Trebonia qui confère les pleins pouvoirs durant cinq ans à Pompée, Crassus et César respectivement dans les provinces d’Hispanie, de Syrie pour les deux premiers et les Gaules et l’Illyrie pour le troisième.

Il devient ensuite légat de César pendant cinq ans, durant la campagnes en Gaule. Il accompagne ce dernier lors de sa deuxième expédition en Grande-Bretagne, prend part aux sièges de Vellaunodunum et d’Alésia.

Pendant les guerres civiles, il dirige le siège terrestre de Massilia en 49 av. J.-C. avant d’être élu préteur urbain l’année suivante. Il résiste alors à la tentative de sédition organisée à Rome par son collège Marcus Caelius Rufus.

Il succède comme propréteur d’Hispanie ultérieure à Caius Cassius Longinus en 47 av. J.-C., mais doit fuir face à une mutinerie des troupes ayant épousé le parti de Pompée. Cette défaite ne lui fait cependant pas perdre la confiance de César qui le nomme consul suffect en 45 av. J.-C.. Pourtant, en mars de l’année suivante, Gaius Trebonius trahit César et prend part à l’assassinat de son bienfaiteur ; son rôle dans le complot consistait à occuper Marc Antoine pour l’empêcher d’accompagner César dans la curie.

En 43 av. J.-C., il devient proconsul pour l’Asie. Il est capturé et exécuté à Smyrne par Publius Cornelius Dolabella auquel Marc Antoine a attribué la province de Syrie.

Plusieurs lettres de Cicéron sont adressées à Trébonius, qui évoque aussi son assassinat dans ses dernières Philippiques.

Doogie White

Doogie White (* 7. März 1960 in Motherwell/Schottland) ist Rock-Sänger im Genre „melodischer klassischer Hardrock“. Er singt zurzeit unter anderem für Michael Schenker und Demon’s Eye.

Doogie White begann in den 80ern als Sänger der englischen Bands Tryxter und La Paz. Es folgten dann die Gruppen Midnight Blue, Chain, Sack Trick und Praying Mantis.

Der internationale Durchbruch gelang ihm, als Ritchie Blackmore ihn Mitte der 1990er-Jahre als Sänger zu Rainbow holte. Da Doogie White die Erwartungen von Ritchie Blackmore nicht nur erfüllte, sondern weit übertraf, ging Rainbow mit Doogie auf eine dreijährige Welttournee. Auf der Rainbow-DVD „The ultimate review“ geht unter anderem Doogie White auf Einzelheiten dieser Zeit ein.

Der dänische Gitarrist Steen Mogensen (Ex-Royal Hunt) wurde auf Doogie White aufmerksam und kontaktierte ihn. Aus der folgenden Zusammenarbeit wurde im Jahr 2000 Cornerstone geboren. Cornerstone ging auf Europa-Tournee im Januar und Februar 2005, außerdem im April 2007. Ein neues Album mit dem Titel „Two tales of one tomorrow“ erschien im Februar 2007.

Ferner war Doogie White Sänger von Rising Force, der Band des schwedischen Gitarristen Yngwie Malmsteen. Bisher erschienen zwei Alben in dieser Besetzung; es folgten Tourneen durch Europa (2003) und USA, Kanada und Japan (2005/2006); eine weitere Welt-Tournee erfolgte November und Dezember 2006 und 2007. Außerdem ist ein weiteres Album mit Malmsteen/White in der Entstehung. Im Februar 2008 gab er seinen Ausstieg aus der Combo bekannt.

Noch ein Gitarrist arbeitete mit Doogie White als Sänger – der deutschstämmige Bill Liesegang; ein gemeinsames Album entstand 2004.

Im Jahre 2008 hat sich Doogie White der NWOBHM-Band TANK angeschlossen und mit ihnen das Album „War Machine“ aufgenommen.

Im November 2008 sang er für zwei Konzerte bei der Gruppe Demon’s Eye, und am 31. Mai 2009 sprang er spontan für den an einer Bronchitis erkrankten Glenn Hughes ein, der eigentlich an diesem Abend mit Demon’s Eye auf der Bühne stehen sollte. Inzwischen tritt Doogie White regelmäßig mit Demon’s Eye auf und hat mit The Stranger Within (2011) und Under The Neon (2015) zwei Alben für diese Band eingesungen.

2009 nahm er mit der argentinischen Band Rata Blanca deren im Vorjahr veröffentlichtes Album „El Reino Olvidado“ unter dem Titel „The Forgotten Kingdom“ auf Englisch neu auf und trat 2010 mit der Band in Europa auf.

Am Nationalfeiertag, dem 23. Juni 2010, in Luxemburg trat Doogie White zusammen mit unter anderem Jon Lord (ex Deep Purple) bei einem Open-Air-Konzert im Stadtzentrum auf. Im März 2011 erschien das Album „The Stranger within“ von Demon’s Eye, auf dem Doogie White den Gesang übernahm .

Arthur E. Steele

Arthur Edward Steele (June 17, 1920 – March 2, 2011) was an American minister of the Bible Presbyterian Church and a Christian educator who served as president of Shelton College and then founded Clearwater Christian College.

Arthur Steele was born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania and graduated with a degree in chemical engineering from Carnegie Tech (now Carnegie Mellon University) in 1942. Having been a member of the ROTC, he was commissioned as an officer upon graduation and served during World War II in the Corps of Engineers Research and Development Board as the Supervisor of the Gas Generating School at Fort Belvoir, Virginia.

In 1956, Steele entered Faith Theological Seminary while working part-time employment at Air Products. Upon receiving his Master of Divinity (MDiv) degree in 1959, he was asked to serve as the vice president and treasurer of the seminary. In 1962, he was appointed president of Shelton College, Ringwood, New Jersey, where he served until 1965.

In 1966, he founded Clearwater Christian College.

1974–75 Australian Film Institute Awards

The 17th Australian Film Awards ceremony, presented by the Australian Film Institute (AFI) honoured the best Australian films of 1974 and 1975 and took place on 23 March 1975, at the Sydney Opera House, in Sydney, New South Wales. Actress Glenda Jackson hosted the ceremony.

In the competition the Australian Film Institute (AFI) presented awards across nine categories. The winners of the Golden Reel prize included feature film Sunday Too Far Away (which is considered the winner of the Best Film category), tele-movie Billy and Percy, and documentary Mr. Symbol Man; feature films Petersen and The True Story of Eskimo Nell and documentaries A Steam Train Passes and Stirring won the Silver prize; and the film Between Wars won the Bronze prize. Awards were also handed out in feature film categories for Best Actor, which went to Jack Thompson for Sunday Too Far Away and Petersen and Martin Vaughan for Billy and Percy; Julie Dawson for Best Actress, for Who Killed Jenny Langby?; Barry Humphries and Reg Lye for Best Supporting Actor, for The Great Macarthy and Sunday Too Far Away respectively; and John Power for Best Direction, for Billy and Percy.
Winners of the gold prize.
Winners of the silver prize.
Winners of the bronze prize.

Jobyna Ralston

Jobyna Ralston (* 21. November 1899 in South Pittsburg, Tennessee; † 22. Januar 1967 in Woodland Hills, Kalifornien) war eine US-amerikanische Schauspielerin, die zwischen 1919 und 1931 in rund 80 Filmen spielte.

Jobyna Ralston wurde als ältestes Kind der Porträtfotografin Mrs. Sarah Raulston und ihres Ehemannes Joe in Tennessee geboren. Die Mutter benannte ihre Tochter nach der zu dieser Zeit populären Theaterschauspielerin Jobyna Howland, die Schwester von Olin Howland. Von ihren Eltern gefördert, stand sie bereits mit neun Jahren erstmals in der Rolle von Aschenputtel auf der Bühne. Nach einer gescheiterten Ehe mit dem Farmer und Jugendfreund John Campbell zog es Ralston nach New York und besuchte dort die Schauspielschule. 1921 stand sie am Broadway im Stück Two Little Girls in Blue auf der Bühne. 1919 und 1920 trat sie in New York und Florida in einer Reihe von Filmen auf. Der Starkomiker Max Linder wurde auf die junge Schauspielerin aufmerksam und riet ihr, es in Hollywood mit einer Filmkarriere zu versuchen. Dort spielte sie zunächst in einigen Filmen an der Seite von Linder, aber auch im heute verschollenen Marx Brothers-Film Humor Risk (1921). Um die Medizinrechnungen für ihre kränkelnde Mutter besser bezahlen zu können, wechselte sie endgültig vom Theater in das für sie inzwischen profitablere Filmgeschäft.

1923 wurde Ralston als „hoffnungsvolle Jungdarstellerin“ unter die WAMPAS Baby Stars gewählt. Inzwischen trat sie auch in den Einaktern des Komödienproduzenten Hal Roach auf. Als Roachs Starkomiker Harold Lloyd seine bisherige Leinwandpartnerin Mildred Davis heiratete und diese somit als seine Filmpartnerin in Zukunft ausschied, wurde Ralston als neue weibliche Hauptdarstellerin für die Komödien von Harold Lloyd ausgewählt. Insgesamt spielten beide zusammen bis 1927 in den sechs Filmen Why Worry?, Girl Shy, Hot Water, The Freshman, For Heaven’s Sake und The Kid Brother. Obwohl Ralston heute am ehesten für ihre Zusammenarbeit mit Lloyd bekannt ist, spielte sie auch eine größere Nebenrolle in William A. Wellmans Fliegerdrama Wings, das auf der ersten Oscarverleihung 1929 den Preis als Bester Film gewinnen konnte. Am Set von Wings traf sie auch ihren Co-Darsteller Richard Arlen, den sie 1927 heiratete. Die Ehe, aus der ein Sohn stammte, wurde 1943 geschieden.

Ende der 1920er-Jahre kam der Tonfilm nach Hollywood. Obwohl sie sich nach eher komödiantischen Rollen nun auch als dramatische Schauspielerin etabliert hatte, zog Ralston sich wegen eines Lispelns sowie ihrer Schwangerschaft nach nur zwei Tonfilmen im Jahre 1931 aus dem Filmgeschäft zurück. Sie verstarb 1967 im Alter von 67 Jahren an einer Lungenentzündung.